By P. Gamal. Bloomsburg University.
For those publications with joint or co-publishers purchase 5 mg fincar otc, use the name given first as the publisher and include the name(s) of the other(s) as a note if desired discount fincar 5mg without a prescription. Box 43 No publisher can be found If no publisher can be found purchase fincar 5mg visa, use [publisher unknown]. Box 45 Non-English names for months Translate names of months into English Abbreviate them using the first three letters Capitalize them Examples: mayo = May luty = Feb brezen = Mar Box 46 Seasons instead of months Translate names of seasons into English Capitalize them Do not abbreviate them For example: balvan = Summer outomno = Fall hiver = Winter pomlad = Spring Box 47 Date of publication and date of copyright Some publications have both a date of publication and a date of copyright. Box 48 No date of publication, but a date of copyright A copyright date is identified by the symbol, the letter "c", or the word copyright preceding the date. If no date of publication can be found, but the database contains a date of copyright, use the date of copyright preceded by the letter "c"; for example c2005. Box 56 More than one type of medium If a database is presented in more than one type of medium, give the physical description for both, separated by a semicolon and a space. Box 58 Multiple series If a database is a part of more than one series, include information on all series if desired. Some examples of notes are: Information on database content Veterinary librarian [disk]. Seattle: University of Washington, Health Sciences Center for Educational Resources; c1996. Database of information on almost 600 organic solvents used in industry, academic research, and general commerce. In medicine, computer programs are often used to instruct on techniques and to assist in performing a variety of tasks, such as organizing patient data. Box 14 Names for cities and countries not in English Use the English form for names of cities and countries when possible. Pyramides animees: un programme de projections demographiques [Animated population pyramids: a program of population projections] [disk]. Techniques for synthesis of -amino acids may become Techniques for synthesis of beta-amino acids If a title contains superscripts or subscripts that cannot be reproduced with the type fonts available, place the superscript or subscript in parentheses TiO2 nanoparticles may become TiO(2) nanoparticles Box 19 No title can be found Occasionally a program does not appear to have any title; the program simply begins with the text. In this circumstance: Construct a title from the first few words of the text Use enough words to make the constructed title meaningful Place the constructed title in square brackets Examples for Title 9. Box 22 Titles ending in punctuation other than a period Most program titles end in a period. Box 26 First editions If a program does not carry any statement of edition, assume it is the first or only edition Use 1st ed. Box 30 Non-English names for secondary authors Translate the word for editor, translator, illustrator, or other secondary author into English if possible. Joint publication of the Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center. Box 43 Non-English names for months Translate names of months into English Abbreviate them using the first three letters Capitalize them Examples: mayo = May luty = Feb brezen = Mar Box 44 Seasons instead of months Translate names of seasons into English Capitalize them Do not abbreviate them For example: balvan = Summer outomno = Fall hiver = Winter pomlad = Spring Box 45 Date of publication and date of copyright Some publications have both a date of publication and a date of copyright. Box 47 No date of publication or copyright can be found If neither a date of publication nor a date of copyright can be found, but a date can be estimated because of material in the program or in accompanying material, insert a question mark after the estimated date and place date information in square brackets Bombay: Cardiological Society of India; [2000? Some examples of notes are: If the program is accompanied by additional material, describe it. Entire Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet Sample Citation and Introduction Citation Rules with Examples Examples B. Parts of Books on the Internet Sample Citation and Introduction Citation Rules with Examples Examples C. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Entire Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet The general format for a reference to an entire Internet book, including punctuation: Examples of Citations to Entire Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet 1049 A monograph, commonly called a book, is any work complete in one volume or in a finite number of volumes. Increasingly books are written directly for the Internet to enable hyperlinking, to include complex graphics, and to run multimedia such as film clips and sound. An Internet book may be static, that is fixed in time and unchanged since publication, or may be updated or otherwise revised over time. Some producers of Internet books permit or otherwise welcome comments or expert opinion from readers and incorporate these comments into the text. Major revisions may be announced as new editions, but more minor additions and changes such as those to add comments, to correct typographical errors, or to update hypertext links may not be noted. Although Internet books differ radically in physical form from the usual print book, the basic rules for citing them do not differ markedly from what is required for print. Internet sites disappear with great frequency, and users of a citation must be given some other identifying information if they are to locate books on them. For example, some poorly constructed sites do not contain dates, and authorship or publishing responsibility may be unclear or absent. It also may be difficult to discern the title from the collage of graphics presented. Do not confuse the publisher with the organization that maintains the Web site for the publisher. Publisher information is required in a citation; distributor information may be included as a note if desired. Some elements require expansion for an Internet citation to provide useful information to the user. For example, the date of publication is required in any citation, but many Internet items are updated or otherwise modified several times after the date of publication.
It is applied as an antiseptic for cuts cheap fincar 5 mg mastercard, burns and bruises buy fincar 5mg on line, taken internally for digestive disorders safe fincar 5mg, and applied topically for skin disorders. The patent on "Use of Turmeric in Wound Healing" covered "a method of promoting healing of a wound by administering turmeric to a patient afflicted with the wound". The patent application claimed that this was the first use of turmeric for such a purpose. The issuance of this patent generated international controversy, particularly in India, where it was felt that traditional Indian medicine was being misappropriated. The ensuing public outcry prompted the Indian government to request that the patent be revoked on the basis of lack of novelty due to its known traditional use. In helping defeat the patent, the Indian government provided evidence that this use of turmeric was not innovative. Because novelty is a necessary requirement for patent protection, it is now difficult for any party to patent the use of turmeric for wound healing or to require compensation for this use. In the Beijing Declaration, they recognized the role of traditional medicine in the improvement of public health and supported its integration into national health systems where appropriate. The declaration encourages governments to create or improve national policies on traditional medicine. It also promotes improved education, research and clinical inquiry into traditional medicine, as well as improved communication 62 between health care providers. The knowledge of traditional medicine, treatments and practices should be respected, preserved, promoted and communicated widely and appropriately based on the circumstances in each country. Governments have a responsibility for the health of their people and should formulate national policies, regulations, and standards as part of comprehensive national health systems to ensure appropriate, safe and effective use of traditional medicine. Recognizing the progress of many governments to date in integrating traditional medicine into their national health systems, we call on those who have not yet done so to take action. Governments, international organizations and other stakeholders should collaborate in implementing the global strategy and plan of action. Governments should establish systems for the qualification, accreditation or licensing of traditional medicine practitioners. Traditional medicine practitioners should upgrade their knowledge and skills based on national requirements. The communication between conventional and traditional medicine providers should be strengthened and appropriate training programmes be established for health professionals, 63 medical students and relevant researchers. By 2003, that figure had reached 45, while 51 countries reported national policies pending. The same trend is seen 65 with national laws and regulations regarding herbal medicine. In the past decade it has funded more than 2,500 research projects resulting in more than 3,300 scientific articles in peer-reviewed 67 journals. Traditional medicine has historically played a prominent role in the national health care system and remains well integrated with allopathic care. Both systems of medicine receive government support, and the Chinese Constitution was amended in 1982 to state that "both modern medicine and traditional 69 Chinese medicine must be developed. Principles of human rights should be applied to all aspects of traditional healing. Indigenous peoples have the right to their traditional medicines and to maintain their health practices, including the conservation of their vital medicinal plants, animals and minerals. Indigenous individuals also have the right to access, without any discrimination, to all social and health services. Indigenous individuals have an equal right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. States shall take the necessary steps with a view to achieving progressively the full realization of this right. In conjunction with indigenous peoples, States shall take effective measures to recognize 72 and protect the exercise of these rights. These range from an absence of regulation to highly structured regulation similar to that applied to pharmaceuticals. There is ongoing debate whether marketing exclusivity should be granted in return for data 75 submission. Data-based exclusivity prevents generic drug manufacturers from making use of data submitted in an initial application by an originator pharmaceutical manufacturer for a 76 fixed period of time. In effect, this may extend the exclusivity period for an originator drug 77 beyond the patent term or beyond a finding that a patent is invalid. In applying for regulatory approval of a generic equivalent to an approved on-patent medicine, access to or reliance on the original application for regulatory approval is essential. While generics manufacturers can independently generate new clinical data, this is extremely costly and time-consuming.