By K. Marik. University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. 2018.
Calcium carbonate and the premenstrual syndrome: effects on premenstrual and menstrual symptoms discount rabeprazole 20 mg without a prescription. The effect of alpha-tocopherol on premenstrual symptomatology: a double- blind study cheap rabeprazole 10 mg with amex. Abnormalities in plasma essential fatty acid levels in women with premenstrual syndrome and with non-malignant breast disease buy rabeprazole 10mg with visa. A placebo-controlled study of the effects of L-tryptophan in patients with premenstrual dysphoria. Tryptophan in the treatment of late luteal phase dysphoric disorder: a pilot study. Treatment for the premenstrual syndrome with agnus castus fruit extract: prospective, randomized, placebo controlled study. Fluoxetine versus Vitex agnus castus extract in the treatment of premenstrual dysphoric syndrome. Treatment for premenstrual syndrome with Vitex agnus castus: a prospective, randomized, multi- center placebo controlled study in China. The efﬁcacy of Hypericum perforatum (St John’s wort) for the treatment of premenstrual syndrome. Male pattern baldness and clinical prostate cancer in the epidemiologic follow-up of the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diet and prostate cancer: mechanisms of action and implications for chemoprevention. Diet and prostate cancer risk with speciﬁc focus on dairy products and dietary calcium: a case-control study. Impact of consumption of vegetable, fruit, grain, and high glycemic index foods on aggressive prostate cancer risk. Plasma phyto-oestrogens and prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Prostate cancer risk and consumption of ﬁsh oils: a dietary biomarker-based case- control study. A high ratio of dietary n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. The relation of alpha-linolenic acid to the risk of prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta- analysis. Dietary factors and risks for prostate cancer among blacks and whites in the United States. Pilot study of dietary fat restriction and ﬂaxseed supplementation in men with prostate cancer before surgery: exploring the effects on hormonal levels, prostate-speciﬁc antigen, and histopathologic features. Prostate cancer and supplementation with alpha-tocopherol and β-carotene: incidence and mortality in a controlled trial. Association between alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, selenium, and subsequent prostate cancer. Effects of selenium supplementation for cancer prevention in patients with carcinoma of the skin. Selenium supplementation, baseline plasma selenium status and incidence of prostate cancer: an analysis of the complete treatment period of the Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Trial. Lower prostate cancer risk in men with elevated plasma lycopene levels: results of a prospective analysis. Lycopene in association with alpha-tocopherol inhibits at physiological concentrations proliferation of prostate carcinoma cells. Associations of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D with prostate cancer diagnosis, stage and grade. Blackberry, black raspberry, blueberry, cranberry, red raspberry, and strawberry extracts inhibit growth and stimulate apoptosis of human cancer cells in vitro. Novel oligomeric proanthocyanidin derivatives interact with membrane androgen sites and induce regression of hormone-independent prostate cancer. Flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, and cancer risk: a network of case-control studies from Italy. Review: green tea polyphenols in chemoprevention of prostate cancer: preclinical and clinical studies. Green tea polyphenols and metabolites in prostatectomy tissue: implications for cancer prevention. Tea polyphenols decrease serum levels of prostate-speciﬁc antigen, hepatocyte growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor in prostate cancer patients and inhibit production of hepatocyte growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor in vitro. Chemoprevention of human prostate cancer by oral administration of green tea catechins in volunteers with high-grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasia: a preliminary report from a one-year proof-of-principle study. Intakes of energy and macronutrients and the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Dietary patterns and surgically treated benign prostatic hyperplasia: a case control study in Western Australia. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Medical Association, Chicago, 1974. Subcellular distribution of zinc in the benign and malignant human prostate: evidence for a direct zinc androgen interaction.
J Am Vet Med Assoc 175:359- complexa: Sarcocystidae) in the budg- cal observations on the sequence of Memorial University cheap rabeprazole 10 mg on line, St John’s buy rabeprazole 10 mg overnight delivery, New- 361 cheap 20 mg rabeprazole fast delivery, 1979. Miltgen F, et al: Parahaemoproteus imported birds at postmortem exami- tions of canaries and pigeons. Many of the B items that birds may encounter during these quests can be dangerous. Contact with or consump- tion of certain plants, cleaners, pesticides and house- hold disinfectants may cause acute or chronic intoxi- cation. Based on their size and physiology, birds are more prone than mammals to intoxication by some compounds, such as volatile chemicals and fumes. It has been suggested that the con- sumption of foreign bodies (eg, metal, wood, jewelry), over-consumption of grit and coprophagy may all be mediated by malnutrition (Gerlach H, unpublished). Genevieve Dumonceaux Therefore, birds on a formulated diet would be ex- pected to chew less on plants, perches and toys than Greg J. Treat seizures and shock as or anyl substituent damage needed groups Drain cleaners Sodium hydroxide, Caustic to skin and mucous membranes, Flush affected areas with water or milk. Do not sodium hypochlorite irritation, inflammation, edema, necrosis, use emetics or lavage. Treat for shock and pain burns in mouth, tongue, pharynx Fireworks Nitrates, chlorates, Abdominal pain, vomiting, bloody feces, Crop or gastric lavage. Use methylene blue or mercury, antimony, rapid shallow respiration, chlorates may ascorbic acid for methemoglobinemia. Avoid gastric hydrocarbons, necrosis, mucosal irritation, aspiration or lavage or proceed with caution. Antibiotics and supportive care Matches Potassium chloride Gastroenteritis, vomiting, chlorates may Treat symptomatically. Use methylene blue or induce methemoglobinemia with ascorbic acid for methemoglobinemia cyanosis and hemolysis Paint/varnish Benzene, methanol, Dermal irritation, depression, narcosis, See “furniture polish. Provide fresh air if strong fumes are present Overheated non-stick Polytetrafluoroethylene Sudden death, dyspnea, depression, Fresh air or oxygen, fluids, steroids for cookware, drip pans, pulmonary hemorrhage pulmonary edema, antibiotics, supportive care heat lamps, irons, ironing board covers Poor grade peanuts, Mycotoxins: aflatoxin, Gastrointestinal irritation, dermal Clean feed, antibiotics for secondary peanut waste, moldy ochratoxin, irritation, oral necrosis, secondary infections. Brodifacoum, treat for 28-30 days Rodenticides Cholecalciferol Causes hypercalcemia and renal failure, Activated charcoal, fluid therapy. Do not give bicarbonate orally for necrosis from chewing on pencils acid poisonings Many of the therapeutic recommendations for the above products have been taken from small animal sources. Toxin-contami- nated water, air and food supplies can affect birds through direct contact or through poisoning of com- ponents in the food chain. Often the intoxication is subtle, and poisons accumulate over time (eg, lead in waterfowl, organochlorines in birds of prey). Birds of prey and fish-eating birds are particularly susceptible to contaminants in the food chain be- cause of biologic magnification. It is of interest that the health of free-ranging birds is frequently ignored as a sensitive indicator of human-induced damage to our environment. In this case, a conure was In addition to human-related toxins, food and water presented with lead poisoning secondary to the consumption of supplies encountered by free-ranging birds may also lead-containing solder used to hold his feeding dish. The case was further complicated by gastrointestinal impaction secondary to the be contaminated by biologic organisms that produce ingestion of pieces of the plastic dish and malnutrition caused by their own toxins, including molds (mycotoxins), bac- a diet of wild bird seeds. Clinicians should carefully evaluate the teria (endotoxins) and certain blue-green algae environment in birds with clinical signs consistent with toxicity. Birds are generally more susceptible to inhaled toxins When submitting samples for toxicologic analysis, it than mammals because of their rapid metabolic rate, is best to call the laboratory for information on small size, highly efficient respiratory system and low proper sample preparation and shipment. In comparison, many compounds that ratories request frozen samples (except whole blood), cause intoxication following ingestion by mammals are preferably individually wrapped to prevent cross- relatively nontoxic in companion birds; however, birds contamination. Samples submitted for heavy metal should be restricted from access to compounds known analysis should not be wrapped in foils or contact any to be toxic in mammals (Figure 37. Complete request forms, in- cluding the specific analyses to be run and the spe- Products that produce fumes, fogs or mists are not cies involved, improve the speed and accuracy of the recommended for use in areas where birds are pre- results. Good ventilation should be maintained to pre- vent the accumulation of harmful gases and fumes. Further information on products and chemicals as Some toxins may be absorbed directly through the well as assistance with poisonings is available from skin causing systemic intoxication, while others the National Animal Poison Control Center, Univer- cause localized reactions (eg, nicotine dermatitis). This center’s experience is limited when A bird’s response to a toxin may vary depending on dealing with companion birds and they often refer the age, size, health status and plane of nutrition of calls to experienced practitioners. A malnourished bird is A useful conversion in toxicology analysis is 1 ppm = more likely to develop clinical problems from a toxin 100 µg/dl. A bird suffering from chronic malnutrition is more likely to develop pansystemic diseases following exposure to toxic agents. Lead is inconspicu- ously included in numerous products found around the home and the precise cause of lead intoxication is frequently undetermined.